Harold Bloom is a humanities professor and literary critic widely known for his revolutionary theories on the objectives of poetry. After graduating from Bronx Science in 1947, Bloom earned his bachelor’s degree at Cornell University and later continued his education at Yale University. Throughout his career, Bloom has displayed unorthodox opinions in comparison to other critics in the literary world. In his controversial 1973 publication, The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry, he argued that poets strived to maintain individuality by suppressing the influence of their precursors. He stirred up debate once again with his 1994 work, The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages, in which he criticized feminists and Marxists for their literary canons, which he believed were ranked to serve social agendas. Bloom was awarded the MacArthur Fellowship.
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